Trivial Matters #24 – Peter O’Toole

As it’s Friday the 13th, I want to share with you the unlucky saga of Peter O’Toole and his eight unsuccessful nominations for Best Actor from 1962-2006.

Peter_O'Toole_-_1968
By 1968 he had already perfected his “crestfallen yet classy” face.

It’s the record for futility in the acting categories (Richard Burton is second with seven), and looking at the performances alone it seems astounding that he didn’t win at least two:

  • Lawrence of Arabia (1962); lost to Gregory Peck, To Kill a Mockingbird
  • Becket (1964); lost to Rex Harrison, My Fair Lady
  • The Lion in Winter (1968); lost to Cliff Robertson, Charly
  • Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969); lost to John Wayne, True Grit
  • The Ruling Class (1972); lost to Marlon Brando, The Godfather
  • The Stunt Man (1980); lost to Robert de Niro, Raging Bull
  • My Favorite Year (1982); lost to Ben Kingsley, Gandhi
  • Venus (2006); lost to Forest Whitaker, The Last King of Scotland

All very solid performances from one of the best actors of all time, and he struck out eight times. If that isn’t enough for you to conclude that existence is unfair and absurd–or at the very least, that the Academy Awards are–keep in mind that we live in a world where Peter O’Toole never won an Oscar but Nicolas Cage did.

wickerman4
Yup.

However, when one takes a closer look at the actors on that list who won, it becomes clear that O’Toole was just cursed to almost always come up against a nominee who was just not going to lose. The precedent was set with his first nomination, for his career-making–and career-defining–portrayal of T.E. Lawrence. Almost any other year that’s a gimme, but in 1962 it was up against Gregory Peck’s equally defining role as Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird, and let’s face it, Peck was just about guaranteed the win for that one (deservedly).

The pattern continued for most of O’Toole’s career: John Wayne in 1969 (one of the Academy’s famous “oops, we forgot to give this performer an award” awards), Marlon Brando in 1972 (even though he refused to accept it), Robert de Niro in 1980, Ben Kingsley in 1982, and Forest Whitaker in 2006. Each of them locked down their Oscar roughly six seconds after their films were released.

There were only two years in which O’Toole wasn’t just one of four actors tossed in to create the illusion of competition: 1964 and 1968. In 1964, he was nominated alongside his Becket co-star and fellow Oscar snubbee Richard Burton, a situation that rarely bodes well for either party. Rex Harrison had won the Golden Globe, but his win this year was not a foregone conclusion as were the ones I mentioned above…still, O’Toole and Burton canceled each other out (Peter Sellers should have won, anyway).

1968 was an odd year…it was not a particularly strong slate for Best Actor, and Cliff Robertson’s win for Charly was unexpected and, for many, ridiculous. I’ve not seen The Lion in Winter (yet! Stay tuned for the 41st Academy Awards), but I’ve seen Charly and I can say that neither the film itself nor Robertson’s performance is anything special. This is the only one of O’Toole’s losses for which I cannot find a compelling reason.

Alas, O’Toole was only ever recognized by the Academy with a paltry Lifetime Achievement Award, and is now remembered for this dubious record–well, also for being an amazing actor, equally adept at drama and comedy, and a wonderfully eccentric character in real life.

But one can dream, and here are some trivia entries from alternate universes in which O’Toole won. (Not all the same universe, though, or the entries after his second win would become awfully repetitive.)

  • Peter O’Toole is the only actor to win Best Actor for his debut starring role, as T.E. Lawrence in Lawrence of Arabia (1962).
  • With his win for The Lion in Winter (1968), Peter O’Toole became the first performer to win for playing a character for which he had been previously nominated (King Henry II, whom he played in Becket [1964]).
  • Robert Donat and Peter O’Toole were the first performers to win Oscars for playing the same character in different films, for their roles as Arthur Chipping in Goodbye, Mr. Chips in 1939 and 1969, respectively.
  • Peter O’Toole’s win for Venus (2006) set a new record for longest gap between a performer’s first nomination and first win: 44 years (since his nomination for Lawrence of Arabia [1962]). The previous record had been 41 years, set by Henry Fonda between The Grapes of Wrath (1940) and his win for On Golden Pond (1981).
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Trivial Matters #23

Time for some writing trivia!

  • Francis Ford Coppola and Alan Jay Lerner hold the record for writing (or co-writing) the most Best Picture winners, with three apiece:
    • Coppola wrote Patton (1970), The Godfather (1972), and The Godfather Part II (1974). All three won Best Screenplay.
    • Lerner wrote An American in Paris (1951), Gigi (1958), and My Fair Lady (1964). The former two won Best Screenplay.
  • Billy Wilder wrote the most Best Picture nominees: Ninotchka (1939), Hold Back the Dawn (1941), Double Indemnity (1944), The Lost Weekend (1945)*, Sunset Boulevard (1950), Witness for the Prosecution (1957), and The Apartment (1960)*.
  • Only seven films have won Best Picture without a writing nomination: Wings (1927/28), The Broadway Melody (1928/29), Grand Hotel (1931/32), Cavalcade (1932/33), Hamlet (1948), The Sound of Music (1965), and Titanic (1997).
  • To date, eight individuals have won Oscars for directing, writing, and producing in the same year:
    • Leo McCarey, Going my Way (1944)
    • Billy Wilder, The Apartment (1960)
    • Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather Part II (1974)
    • James L. Brooks, Terms of Endearment (1983)
    • Peter Jackson, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003)
    • Joel & Ethan Coen, No Country for Old Men (2007)
    • Alejandro González Iñárritu, Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) (2014)

Trivial Matters #22

As I continue to look for four hours of free time to watch Gone with the Wind to complete the 12th Academy Awards, here is some more trivia:

  • Three people have refused their Academy Awards. (Some, like Woody Allen, have simply never collected them, but did not outright renounce them.)
    • Dudley Nichols refused his Best Adapted Screenplay award for The Informer at the 8th Academy Awards due to a union boycott of the ceremony. Despite this labor action, Nichols was the only person to go all the way and officially turn down his award.
    • George C. Scott turned down his Best Actor award for Patton at the 43rd Awards because he thought of the Oscars as a “two-hour meat parade…a public display with contrived suspense for economic reasons.” Ah, the halcyon days when the ceremony was only two hours long…
    • Two years later Marlon Brando refused his Best Actor award for The Godfather in protest of Hollywood’s (and the country’s) treatment of American Indians. He sent a representative to the ceremony with a 15-page speech, but she ended up ad-libbing for about a minute before the Academy implemented a “no proxy” rule.
  • The record for longest time between a film’s release and winning an Academy Award is twenty years, for Charles Chaplin’s Limelight. It was originally released in 1952, but due to Chaplin’s low standing in America at the time was not shown in Los Angeles until 1972, at which time it became eligible for Oscar consideration and won Best Original Score (Chaplin’s only competitive win, after being given an Honorary award the year before).
  • Speaking of which, the Academy has on a few other occasions given an elderly, well-respected but overlooked person an Honorary award, then turned around and given them a competitive award the next year. I’m thinking off the top of my head of Henry Fonda (Honorary, 1980; Best Actor, 1981 for On Golden Pond) and Paul Newman (Honorary, 1985; Best Actor, 1986 for The Color of Money).
    • Then again, sometimes they think, incorrectly, that the Honorary one is enough, as was the case with Peter O’Toole, who was given one in 2002 after seven unsuccessful nominations (of an eventual eight, the record for futile acting nominations).

Trivial Matters #21

This is a favorite Oscar-related acting achievement of mine, which I am remiss for not including in Trivial Matters already: performers who have been nominated twice in the same year!

So far, no performer has been nominated twice in the same category in the same year (three directors have done it, though). Also, no one has ever won both Lead and Supporting in the same year.

There have been eleven so far:

  • Faye Bainter (1938)
    • Best Actress, White Banners (lost to Bette Davis, Jezebel)
    • Best Supporting Actress, Jezebel (won)
  • Teresa Wright (1942)
    • Best Actress, The Pride of the Yankees (lost to Greer Garson, Mrs. Miniver)
    • Best Supporting Actress, Mrs. Miniver (won)
  • Barry Fitzgerald (1944)
    • Best Actor, Going my Way (lost to Bing Crosby, Going my Way)
    • Best Supporting Actor, Going my Way (won)
      • Yes, he was nominated twice for the same role in the same film. An immediate change to the rules prevented this from happening again.
  • Jessica Lange (1982)
    • Best Actress, Frances (lost to Meryl Streep, Sophie’s Choice)
    • Best Supporting Actress, Tootsie (won)
  • Signourney Weaver (1988)
    • Best Actress, Gorillas in the Mist (lost to Jodie Foster, The Accused)
    • Best Supporting Actress, Working Girl (lost to Geena Davis, The Accidental Tourist)
  • Al Pacino (1992)
    • Best Actor, Scent of a Woman (won)
    • Best Supporting Actor, Glengarry Glen Ross (lost to Gene Hackman, Unforgiven)
  • Holly Hunter (1993)
    • Best Actress, The Piano (won)
    • Best Supporting Actress, The Firm (lost to Anna Paquin, The Piano)
  • Emma Thompson (1993)
    • Best Actress, The Remains of the Day (lost to Holly Hunter, The Piano)
    • Best Supporting Actress, In the Name of the Father (lost to Anna Paquin, The Piano)
  • Julianne Moore (2002)
    • Best Actress, Far From Heaven (lost to Nicole Kidman, The Hours)
    • Best Supporting Actress, The Hours (lost to Catherine Zeta-Jones, Chicago)
  • Jamie Foxx (2004)
    • Best Actor, Ray (won)
    • Best Supporting Actor, Collateral (lost to Morgan Freeman, Million Dollar Baby)
  • Cate Blanchett (2007)
    • Best Actress, Elizabeth: The Golden Age (lost to Marion Cotillard, La Vie en Rose)
    • Best Supporting Actress, I’m Not There (lost to Tilda Swinton, Michael Clayton)

Trivial Matters #20

Further directing-related trivia:

  • Only three directors have won Best Director more than twice:
    • John Ford (4) – The Informer (1935); The Grapes of Wrath (1940); How Green was my Valley* (1941); The Quiet Man (1952)
    • Frank Capra (3) – It Happened One Night* (1934); Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936); You Can’t Take it With You* (1938)
    • William Wyler (3) – Mrs. Miniver* (1942); The Best Years of Our Lives* (1946); Ben-Hur* (1959)
  • Clarence Brown holds the record for most Best Director nominations without a win–0 for 6–for Romance (1929/30), Anna Christie (1929/30), A Free Soul (1930/31), The Human Comedy (1943), National Velvet (1944), and The Yearling (1946).
    • King Vidor, Robert Altman, and Alfred Hitchcock all share second at 0 for 5.
    • Followed by Stanley Kubrick, Sidney Lumet, Frederico Fellini, and Peter Weir at 0 for 4.
  • In the five-nominee era, the nominees for Best Picture and Best Director exactly matched on five occasions:
    • 30th Academy Awards (1957)
      • The Bridge on the River Kwai (David Lean*); 12 Angry Men (Sidney Lumet); Peyton Place (Mark Robson); Sayonara (Joshua Logan); Witness for the Prosecution (Billy Wilder)
    • 37th Academy Awards (1964)
      • My Fair Lady (George Cukor*); Becket (Peter Glenville); Dr. Strangelove (Stanley Kubrick); Mary Poppins (Robert Stevenson); Zorba the Greek (Michael Cacoyannis)
    • 54th Academy Awards (1981)
      • Chariots of Fire (Hugh Hudson); Atlantic City (Louis Malle); On Golden Pond (Mark Rydell); Raiders of the Lost Ark (Steven Spielberg); Reds (Warren Beatty*)
    • 78th Academy Awards (2005)
      • Crash (Paul Haggis); Brokeback Mountain (Ang Lee*); Capote (Bennett Miller); Good Night, and Good Luck. (George Clooney); Munich (Steven Spielberg)
    • 81st Academy Awards (2008)
      • Slumdog Millionaire (Danny Boyle*); The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (David Fincher); Frost/Nixon (Ron Howard); Milk (Gus van Sant); The Reader (Steven Daldry)

Trivial Matters #19 – Directing milestones

I haven’t concentrated too much on directors in these entries, so here are a few bits of my favorite directing-related trivia:

  • In the first eleven Academy Awards ceremonies, 7 of the Best Director winners were named Frank:
    • Frank Borzage (1stSeventh Heaven; 5thBad Girl)
    • Frank Lloyd (2ndThe Divine Lady; 6thCavalcade*)
    • Frank Capra (7thIt Happened One Night*; 9thMr. Deeds Goes to Town; 11thYou Can’t Take it With You).
    • No one named Frank has won Best Director since (unless you count Franklin J. Schaffner).
  • William Wyler has the most nominations (12), and has directed the most Best Picture winners (3), the most Academy Award-nominated performances (36), and the most winning performances (14). All are unlikely to be broken:
    • The closest active directors in terms of nominations are Steven Spielberg (7) and Martin Scorsese (8).
    • The only active director who has directed two Best Picture winners is Clint Eastwood (Unforgiven [1992] and Million Dollar Baby [2004]).
    • To date, Martin Scorsese has directed 22 nominated performances; Woody Allen, 18.
    • Woody Allen has directed 7 Academy Award-winning performances; Scorsese and Clint Eastwood have 5 apiece.
  • Three directors have been nominated for Best Director twice in the same year:
    • Clarence Brown (1929/30): Anna Christie and Romance (lost to Lewis Milestone for All Quiet on the Western Front)
    • Michael Curtiz (1938): Four Daughters and Angels with Dirty Faces (lost to Frank Capra for You Can’t Take it With You)
    • Steven Soderbergh (2001): Erin Brockovich and Traffic (won for Traffic)
  • Two directors have twice been nominated for Best Actor and Best Director for the same film:
    • Warren Beatty (Heaven Can Wait [1978], lost both; Reds [1981], won Best Director)
    • Clint Eastwood (Unforgiven [1992], won Best Director; Million Dollar Baby [2004], won Best Director)

Trivial Matters #18 – 87th Academy Awards (live updates!)

20:12 – So it’s time for the Oscars! This first post comes as I pick up my libation for the show this evening, a fifth of Bulleit ten-years-aged bourbon. I recommend it for all occasions, but particularly for when you need to sit through watching Boyhood win Oscars.

Bulleit_Bourbon
Bulleit: The drink for crushing disappointment.

(If Birdman does, in fact, win, Bulleit is also the drink for surprised celebration!)

I haven’t seen too many of the nominees yet, as I’ve been a) busy watching the classics and b) unwilling to pay New York prices for cinema tickets. Still, stay tuned for my thoughts on this year’s films in approximately 75 weeks!

I have seen Birdman (amazing!), Boyhood (massively overrated), and The Grand Budapest Hotel (pretty great). I’d like to see Birdman win the top prize but I fear Boyhood is such Oscar bait that it will steal the show.

But trivia? That I’ve got! I’ll be popping in and updating with observations, opinions, and oddities as the night progresses!

20:31 – To get through the first of what will likely be two hundred musical interludes, I’ll say that this is Neil Patrick Harris’ first stint as host and he’ll have to do it another 17 times to match the all time champ: Bob Hope.

This could be one of the unbreakable records at the Oscars; second place is Billy Crystal with nine.

20:42 – No surprise here, J.K. Simmons for Best Supporting Actor. I’ve wanted to see him win an Oscar for years! Hopefully this will get him out of the Farmers commercials.

21:11 – First Best Foreign Language Film win for Poland! Yay! And I love that Pawlikowski does not give a toss about the music or the applause or anything.

21:17-21:49 – Okay, I can zone out for a bit and think about things:

  • Now that J.K. Simmons has won Best Supporting Actor, this will not be the third year in which three of the four acting winners are repeats. In fact, I think all four will be first-timers.
  • Selma and The Grand Budapest Hotel are the only Best Picture nominees without acting nominations. If by some fluke one of them wins, it will join only eleven other such winners.
  • This is the second consecutive year in which all five Best Actor nominees came from Best Picture-nominated films. Overall, this is the tenth Academy Awards to feature an acting category completely filled by Best Picture-nominated films (* = category featured a double nominee):
    • 12th (1939) – Best Actress*
    • 13th (1940) – Best Actress
    • 15th (1942) – Best Actor
    • 16th (1943) – Best Actor
    • 37th (1964) – Best Actor*
    • 39th (1966) – Best Actor
      • Notable for being the only such year in the five-nominee era to not have a double nomination.
    • 50th (1977) – Best Actress*
    • 61st (1988) – Best Sup. Actress*
    • 86th (2013) – Best Actor & Best Supporting Actor (the only time two categories have had this distinction)
    • 87th (2014) – Best Actor

22:38-22:50 – Dark, but still…trivia from the “In Memorium” segment:

  • Mike Nichols won Best Director for The Graduate in 1967, the last film to win Best Director and nothing else.
  • Luise Rainer was the first person to win two consecutive acting awards. Not the first to win two consecutive Oscars…that would be Douglas Shearer, the recording engineer and brother of the great Norma Shearer.
  • Richard Attenborough was a lovely man. That’s not trivia but I wanted to say it.
  • When Maximilian Schell died in 2014, it made the 51st Academy Awards (for 1978) the earliest Academy Awards in which all four acting winners are still alive.

23:06 – “Glory” wins Best Original Song, which means if Selma wins Best Pictureas I said above, it almost certainly won’t, but still–it will be the first since The Greatest Show on Earth (25th, 1952) to win just two Academy Awards.

23:31 – Birdman takes Best Original Screenplay. I hope this is the start of a strong end run.

23:41 – Ironic that Ben Affleck would present Best Director, seeing as Argo (85th) is one of only four films to win Best Picture without a Best Director nomination. The other three are Wings (1st), Grand Hotel (5th), and Driving Miss Daisy (62nd).

23:42 – Oh my, it looks as though the Bulleit will be celebratory after all!

0:05 – Best Picture is Birdman! It becomes the 37th Best Picture winner without any acting Oscars. Incidentally, there was one run of three years in a row where this happened: the 58th-60th (1985-1987), inclusive. (This is, however, the third consecutive year in which the film that won Best Director received no acting awards.)

A Bulleit to celebrate the Academy getting it right! I’m so happy to have been proven wrong in my initial prediction.

This could have been the first time since the 8th-10th Awards to split Best Picture and Best Director three consecutive years, and honestly I thought this would happen. In the event, it was a two year run, the first since the 24th and 25th (1951 and ’52).

0:09 – And that’s the 87th Academy Awards. Like I said, I’ll be watching more of these films and offering my thoughts on them in about a year and a half. See you then! …And, hopefully, in all the weeks between now and then.